28 Sep 2017/Thursday
Pakistan ranks as the world’s second-worst country in terms of gender equality and equitable division of resources and opportunities among men and women, says a report published Friday.
The Global Gender Gap Report 2013, published by the World Economic Forum in collaboration with faculty at Harvard University and the University of California, Berkeley, assesses 136 countries, representing more than 93 per cent of the world’s population, on how well resources and opportunities are divided among male and female populations. The report published in 2016 contained report on 144 countries however Pakistan has not improved its position. It is at present 143rd in ranking. It’s a shame on Pakistan that its arch rival India was on 101/136 and improved considerably to 87/144. The Chinese ranked 69/136 and now they have gone back to 99/144. Even Bangladesh which separated from Pakistan in comparison has improved its position from 76/136 to 72/144.
According to the index, Iceland tops the list with the most equitable sharing of resources among the sexes, followed closely by north European countries such as Finland, Norway and Sweden.
Pakistan comes down at 143, followed only by Yemen only.
The comprehensive annual report measures the size of the gender inequality gap in four areas, including economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation and highly skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher levels of education), political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio).
According to the index, Pakistan ranks second-worst in economic participation and opportunity, eighth-worst in terms of equal access to education, 20th from the bottom in terms of health and survival.
Surprisingly, the magnitude of disparities is much smaller in Pakistan when it comes to political empowerment and representation in decision-making structures among the two sexes, with a rank of 90 amongst 144 countries cross the globe. This also came down from 64 among 136 countries in 2013.