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Pakistan Army has been an omnipotent institution in Pakistan.  Taking advantage of the complex relation of civil-mil leadership which is always in a state of flux, Pak Army has further secured its position and ghost rules the countries but is forever in denial mode.

Today Pak Army is so strong that it is a state within a state ~ deep state. Let us know the genesis of this brass empire.

In 1958 Iskander Mirza the Defense Secretary under Liaqat Ali Khan and later the Governor of East Bengal took over the Governor-Generalship from Mallik Gulam Muhammad and by promulgating the constitution in 1956 became the first President of Pakistan. But from 1956–58 his tenure had huge political instability which led him to declare Martial Law in 1958.

He then dissolved the democratic institution and appointed his close aid and Chief of Army Staff General Ayub Khan as the chief martial law administrator of the country. In less than a month the relationship between the two men deteriorated over the power and authority and Gen Ayub Khan toppled Mirza’s Government in November’s Coup, thus giving birth to a new role of the Army; bringing the army into active politics for the first time and undermining the civilian government with the help of  “Doctrine of Necessity”.

Political power got them interested in economics. And today because of these economic interests, they don’t want to get out of political power.

There is no broad-based constituency for civil-military reform in Pakistan, let alone at a time when terrorist attacks occur at a steady rate and ties with Americans have soured. Only a top-down effort by civilian elites can begin the process of civil-military rebalancing, without which Pakistan will remain buffeted by the whims and strategic delusions of its deep state.

People need to ask fundamental questions about how the civilian government can be held accountable when the military controls foreign and defense policies.

By now we are clear that the military top brass in Pakistan has varied self-defined roles which are suspicious by nature.  Despite that, the role of the Pak Army remains unchallenged in Pakistan and it continues to rule its subjects by safely safeguarding its own interests.

In Pakistan’s political and democratic/dictatorship scenarios, two Generals role remains very crucial Chief of Army Staff and DG ISI. From Gen. Ziaul Haq to Gen. Pervez Musharraf and Gen. Kiyani, we have seen a very clear make-n-break role of army chiefs and DG ISIs in politics, democracy, and dictatorship.

Apropos, it is interesting to know the new rulers, the six new generals ~ from the most elite (privileged) class of Pakistan.

Last week the Army Promotion Board headed by Chief of Army Staff Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa approved the promotions of the following six Maj Gens:

Rank & Name Appt Parent Arm Course
Lt Gen Azhar Saleh Abbasi Chief of Logistics Staff General Headquarters (GHQ) Armoured Corps 75 PMA Long Course
Maj Gen Nadeem Zaki Manj Commander Mangla Corps Armoured Corps 75 PMA Long Course)
Maj Gen Shaheen Mazhar Commander Peshawar Corps Armoured Corps 75 PMA Long Course)
Maj Gen Abdul Aziz Military Secretary General Headquarters (GHQ) Artillery 75 PMA Long Course)
DG Maj Gen Asim Munir  DG ISI 23 Frontier Force 17 OTS
Maj Gen Syed Muhammad Adnan Vice Chief of General Staff VCGS (B) Punjab Regiment 76 PMA Long Course
Maj Gen Waseem  Ashraf Inspector General (IG) Arms. Frontier Force 76 PMA Long Course

Also here is a seniority-wise list of Pakistan Army Generals who are due to retire soon:


# Position Incumbent Decorations Date of Retirement
1 Chairman, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) Lt Gen Omar Mahmood Hayat Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military)
Colonel Commandant Army Ordnance Corps[2]
8 April 2019
2 Director-General Joint Staff (DG JS) Lt Gen Malik Zafar Iqbal  Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military)
Colonel Commandant Baloch Regiment[3]
8 April 2019
3 Commander 31 Corps, Bahawalpur Lt Gen Javed Mehmood Bukhari [4]  Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military)
Colonel Commandant Corps of Engineers
8 April 2019
4 Adjutant General (AG) Lt Gen Anwar Ali Hyder  Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military)
Frontier Force Regiment
Colonel Commandant Corps of Military Police
8 April 2019
5 Inspector General, Communications and IT (IG C&IT)[5] Lt Gen Shahid Baig Mirza  Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military)
Colonel Commandant Punjab Regiment
8 April 2019
6 Commander, Southern Command (SC) Quetta & 12 Corps, Quetta [6] Lt Gen Asim Saleem Bajwa  Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military)
Punjab Regiment
23 September 2019
7 Chairman, Pakistan Ordnance Factories (POF) Wah Lt Gen Sadiq Ali  Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military)
Armoured Corps[6]
23 September 2019
8 Commander, 4 Corps, Lahore Lt Gen Aamer Riaz  Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military)
Frontier Force Regiment[6]
23 September 2019

The above generals are the future policy makers of Pakistan. Will they re-adjust the focus towards common Pakistani minus own interests, only time can tell.

11 Oct 2018/Monday                                                                         Written by   Afsana 

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