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Talibans are back! Overview of the ongoing situation between United States and Afghanistan 🇦🇫


America invaded Afghanistan on October 7, 2001, after they began severely suspecting that Osama Bin Laden and al-Qaeda were hiding there. The US has poured enormous amounts of funds into the military in order to fight the Taliban in the war-ravaged country while reconstruction funds continue to pour in, leading all US troop levels to grow in 2011. For the last year, there were just 4,000 US troops. Other countries were also in the foreign troop presence in the country, including other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. But since 2002, the US has had by far the largest contingent. After 20 years of war, the Taliban have swept to victory for an Afghan government. President Biden announced in April 2021 that U.S. military forces would leave Afghanistan by September 2021. Despite ongoing peace talks with Afghanistan, the Taliban continued to capture and contest territory across the country, even escalated its attacks on ANDSF bases and outposts and rapidly seized more territory. At this point, the U.S. military will have taken significant steps in terms of its withdrawal strategy by May 2021. By July 2021, the United States had completed nearly 95 percent of its withdrawal from Afghanistan, left only 650 troops to protect the U.S. embassy in Kabul. The summer of 2021 marks the continuation of the Taliban’s offensive, threatening government-controlled urban areas and seizing control of significant territories. The Taliban entered Kabul on August 15, leading Afghan President Ashraf Ghani to flee the country and the Afghan government to collapse.

The Taliban ended up announcing their entry into the presidential palace later that day, taken control of the city, and were establishing checkpoints to maintain security. The rapidity with which the Taliban gained territory and the ANDSF and Afghan government collapsed astounded US officials and allies. The Biden administration approved the deployment of an extra 6,000 troops to help with the departure of people as well as tens of thousands of Afghans fleeing the country. The fall of the Afghan government marked a bloody conclusion to the US military operation in the country’s longest conflict. The rapid disintegration of Afghanistan threatens a major outflow of refugees from the country, worsening an already terrible refugee crisis. Before it’s too late, the United States must find other means to secure Afghanistan. President Biden declared in mid-April that all American forces will withdraw Afghanistan by September 11, claiming that the US had long since completed its objective of denying terrorists a safe haven in the nation. According to Biden, the US military is incapable of transforming Afghanistan into a modern, stable democracy. Afghan authorities were seen on camera transferring authority to Taliban commanders. Hamid Karzai announced the formation of a transitional committee with other political leaders to ensure a smooth transition. Biden would later postpone the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan for a year, but not before 2020. The Trump administration struck an agreement with the Taliban in February 2020 that required all American forces to withdraw by May 1, 2021. The pact between the US and the Taliban did not contain any enforcement mechanisms to persuade the Taliban to keep their pledges. Following the signing of the agreement, the Taliban ceased assaulting American soldiers and stopped carrying out large terrorist bombs in Afghan towns. Air assistance for government forces has been curtailed by the United States. The Taliban quickly seized control of Kabul and the country. The Taliban said they were there to maintain law and order. Even while the Taliban have refrained from assaulting US soldiers, the security situation in the nation remains terrible, with high levels of violence against civilians and Afghan security personnel. The Taliban’s control of Afghanistan has the potential to transform the country into a sanctuary for terrorists. The United States has an interest in preserving the numerous political, human rights, and security achievements made in Afghanistan since 2001. The seizure also threatens to undo progress achieved in safeguarding women’s and girls’ rights. Furthermore, when nearby nations respond, rising internal instability, a large outflow of migrants, and a developing humanitarian catastrophe might have regional repercussions. In Kabul, Pakistan, India, Iran, and Russia are all likely to fight for power. In a nutshell, the retreat has come at a great cost to the Afghan people. The Taliban has demonstrated its willingness to engage in extensive violations of basic human rights, particularly women’s rights. In the years ahead, the choice to withdraw will almost certainly result in immense pain. A hypothetical decision to stay in Afghanistan, on the other hand, would have had huge moral consequences, since it would have continued to place American soldiers in danger. In a nutshell, US troop withdrawal, whether timely or precipitant, will render consequences for international engagement in Afghanistan. Peace in Afghanistan, through a limited, well-designed agreement, will neither automatically end corruption nor the patron-client system.

27 Aug 21/Friday                                                                                                        Source: medium

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